Posts Tagged ‘mind control’

Dr Robert J. Lifton is a psychologist who studied and identified the techniques of mass thought control and group think used in propaganda and in cults (of all forms, including political and pseudo-religious).

Dr. Robert J. Lifton’s Eight Criteria for Thought Reform

  1. Milieu Control.
    This involves the control of information and communication both within the environment and, ultimately, within the individual, resulting in a significant degree of isolation from society at large.
  2. Mystical Manipulation.
    There is manipulation of experiences that appear spontaneous but in fact were planned and orchestrated by the group or its leaders in order to demonstrate divine authority or spiritual advancement or some special gift or talent that will then allow the leader to reinterpret events, scripture, and experiences as he or she wishes.
  3. Demand for Purity.
    The world is viewed as black and white and the members are constantly exhorted to conform to the ideology of the group and strive for perfection. The induction of guilt and/or shame is a powerful control device used here.
  4. Confession.
    Sins, as defined by the group, are to be confessed either to a personal monitor or publicly to the group. There is no confidentiality; members’ “sins,” “attitudes,” and “faults” are discussed and exploited by the leaders.
  5. Sacred Science.
    The group’s doctrine or ideology is considered to be the ultimate Truth, beyond all questioning or dispute. Truth is not to be found outside the group. The leader, as the spokesperson for God or for all humanity, is likewise above criticism.
  6. Loading the Language.
    The group interprets or uses words and phrases in new ways so that often the outside world does not understand. This jargon consists of thought-terminating clich�s, which serve to alter members’ thought processes to conform to the group’s way of thinking.
  7. Doctrine over person.
    Member’s personal experiences are subordinated to the sacred science and any contrary experiences must be denied or reinterpreted to fit the ideology of the group.
  8. Dispensing of existence.
    The group has the prerogative to decide who has the right to exist and who does not. This is usually not literal but means that those in the outside world are not saved, unenlightened, unconscious and they must be converted to the group’s ideology. If they do not join the group or are critical of the group, then they must be rejected by the members. Thus, the outside world loses all credibility.
    In conjunction, should any member leave the group, he or she must be rejected also. (Lifton, 1989)

Resources

Giambalvo, Carol: “What is a Thought Reform Consultant?”
Langone, Michael, Ph.D.: “Cults and Mind Control”
Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: “Cult Formation”
Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: “Cult Formation” – abstract
Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: “Lifton’s Eight Criteria for Thought Reform”
Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: “Lifton’s Eight Criteria for Thought Reform”
Lifton, Robert, J. M.D.: “Cult Formation”
Singer, Margaret T., Ph.D.: “Undue Influence and Written Documents: Psychological Aspects”
Singet Margaret, Ph.D.: “Thought Reform Exists: Organized, Programmatic Influence”
Zimbardo, Philip, Ph.D.: “Mind Control: Psychological Reality or Mindless Rhetoric?”
√ Lifton, Robert, J.: “Thought Reform & the Psychology of Totalism”
≈ Cult Information Center – UK
≈ ex-morninglanders.com – link
≈ FactNet – link
≈ InfoCult – link
≈ Religious Groups Awareness Network – REGAIN – link
≈ Skeptic’s Refuge – link

Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: “Cult Formation”
Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: “Cult Formation” – abstract
Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: “Lifton’s Eight Criteria for Thought Reform”
Lifton, Robert J., M.D.: “Lifton’s Eight Criteria for Thought Reform”
Lifton, Robert, J. M.D.: “Cult Formation”

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Milieu control

From Wikipedia:

Milieu control is a term popularized by psychiatrist Robert Jay Lifton to describe tactics that control environment and human communication through the use of social pressure and group language; such tactics may include;
dogma,
protocols,
innuendo,
slang,
and pronunciation,

which enables group members to identify other members, or to promote cognitive changes in individuals.

Lifton originally used “milieu control” to describe brainwashing and mind control, but the term has since been applied to other contexts.[1]

Background

Milieu control involves the control of communication within a group environment, that also may (or may not) result in a significant degree of isolation from surrounding society. When non-group members, or outsiders, are considered or potentially labeled as less valuable without basis for stated group-supported and group-reinforced prejudice, group members may have a tendency to then consider themselves as intellectually superior, which can limit alternate points of view, thus becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy in which group members automatically begin to devalue others and the intellect of others that are separate from their group, without logical rationale for doing so. Additionally, Milieu control “includes other techniques to restrict members’ contact with the outside world and to be able to make critical, rational, judgments about information.”[2]

Theory

Methods

Subfields

Contents

See also

References

  1. A Bandura. 1982. The psychology of chance encounters and life paths. American Psychologist, Vol. 37 No. 7, July 1982
  2. Dr. Lifton, Robert J.Thought Reform: Milieu Control. Retrieved on August 24, 2008. http://www.ferozegolwalla.com.

External links

 

http://www.ferozegolwalla.com/id18.html – Dr. Lifton, Robert J.Thought Reform: Milieu Control.