Posts Tagged ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’

  • Author Paulo Freire wrote in his book “Pedagogy of the Oppressed”:

    “The generosity of the oppressors is nourished by an unjust order, which must be maintained in order to justify that generosity. “

     I was deeply shocked 3 days ago when I found out that the Royal British Legion gala Remembrance event was sponsored by the war monger corporations Lockheed Martin and BAE Systems!

    I wouldn’t even fill in my Census form because of Lockheed!

    The RBL does a huge amount of good work for people who would be destitute and struggling because of the MoD.
    But Fuck ME!
    Two of the most devastating warmonger corporations of the Military Industrial complex sponsoring a Remembrance event for those who had fallen in two World Wars???
    Absolutely in the worst possible taste imaginable!?

    http://on.rt.com/vo0ti8 LockHeed Martin and BAE Systems weapons manufacturers sponsor the Gala Poppy Ball.

    Remembrance charity ball sponsored by Lockheed, veterans and activists outraged

    Reuters / Luke MacGregor
    Anti-war activists have criticized the Royal British Legion for its decision to allow one of the world’s largest defense contractors to sponsor its annual ‘Poppyrocks Ball’.

    The ball, which was held last week in the prestigious HAC in the City of London, is hosted to raise money and awareness for the Royal British Legion, which “helps the whole Armed Forces community through welfare, comradeship and representation.”

    According to the Poppyrocks ball website, the event was organized by the Royal British Legion Young Professionals Branch, an organization to “educate and encourage” 18-40 year olds to donate to the charity.

    The charity are also considered to be the UK’s “custodian of Remembrance.” Their duties include coordinating the Poppy Appeal, an initiative designed to commemorate fallen and serving soldiers, and raise money to assist returning servicemen and their families.

    Earlier this month, Lockheed Martin, which has helped to produce the UK’s Trident weapons system, said it was “thrilled”to be the sponsor of the ball, especially as 2014 marked the centenary of the First World War.

    “We owe a great deal to those who have given so much themselves and our company strives to serve and honor those who have served us,” Lockheed Martin Chief Executive Stephen Ball Said.

    While the Royal British Legion has said that the traditional paper red and green poppies were about “remembrance and hope” and not a show of support for war, religion or politics, other groups have been critical about what is represents.

    “While many people wear [poppies] to remember the people who have died in wars, they are also being used to promote arms companies and the organizations they are associated with,” Lindsey German, convener of the Stop the War Coalition told RT.

    “The relationship only results in promoting current and future wars,” she added.

    Guardian columnist George Monbiot also expressed discomfort with the RBL’s choice of sponsor.

    “It turns out that @PoppyLegion strongly linked to arms trade. Until now I’ve bought a poppy every year. No longer,” he tweeted.

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Noam Chomsky (2013) on “Pedagogy of the Oppressed”

Published on May 29, 2013
Pedagogy of the Oppressed: Noam Chomsky, Howard Gardner, and Bruno della Chiesa Askwith Forum.
On Wednesday, May 1, the Askwith Forum commemorated the 45th anniversary of the publication of Paolo Freire’s “Pedagogy of the Oppressed” with a discussion about the book’s impact and relevance to education today.

http://youtu.be/-SOw55BU7yg
(“the holy trinity” quote 1hr 29mins)

I have been reading reviews  written in 2010  on the “Eco Pedagogy movement” .It is basically a type of environmental Anarchist movement, with the idea to incorporate the natural environment and all species of life with the human culture (instead of  the current domination , destruction and exploitation of non human species of life), and combines this with the ideolog(ies)  of this author (Freire, Paulo) of “Pedagogy of the Oppressed”  as well as that of Ivan Illich and Herbert Marcuse (American culture from the eyes of the oppressed and the educational system , how that keeps the status quo).Of course, those in power rule public education to indoctrinate and subjugate people in order to  oppress people and to keep them oppressed, thus the great need for changing in the practices of our educational system, in order to make changes in society.

I’ve yet to get my hands on the book though and am anxious to get it, so hopefully I’ll have it soon.

I was excited to find this video as I did not know it existed.Currently Richard Kahn, and others  head  the movement.
The  (NY Peter Lang Publishers, 2010) book  “Critical Pedagogy, Ecoliteracy,  and Planetary Crisis: The Ecopedagogy Movement” by Richard Kahn, The movement’s:
” roots lie within early environmental education and educators’ and philosophers’ teachings including those of:
Paulo Freire (Pedagogy of the Oppressed), Ivan Illich, and Herbert Marcuse.”
And… the Ecopedagogy movement :
” challenges educators to critically engage and join the nascent but growing international ecopedagogy movement.  and seeks  to cultivate and appreciate human beings’ collective and communal potentials in the struggle to achieve convivial life on Earth. ”
“Ecopedagogy as a potential Illichean social and  educational “tool for conviviality,” a tool that creates the possibility for “individual freedom realized in personal interdependence”

Richard Kahn, the nominal leader of the Ecopedagogy movement (as he expanded and bases on Freire, et al),  as stated above. is a Professor at Berkley in Calif. and  can be contacted on FB.

 

Radical writer Thomas Paine (1739 – 1809) wrote:

“A long habit of not thinking a thing wrong, gives it a superficial appearance of being right.”

In The Pedagogy of the Oppressed by Paulo Freire, he identified that:

“Leaders who do not act dialogically, but insist on imposing their decisions, do not organize the people… they manipulate them. They do not liberate, nor are they liberated: they Oppress.”

“you do not have to be passively oppressed, it is not a law of nature”

– Noam Chomsky lecture on one of my favourite books Paulo Freire “Pedagogy of the Oppressed”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-SOw55BU7yg#t=678

also;

“The oppressed, having internalized the image of the oppressor and adopted his guidelines, are fearful of freedom.”
― Paulo FreirePedagogy of the Oppressed 

(I think this paragraph is almost directly linked to
Plato's allegory "The Cave". Where the slave-like cave
dwellers are fearful of the light outside of the cave?)

“[T]he more radical the person is, the more fully he or she enters into reality so that, knowing it better,
he or she can transform it.
This individual is not afraid to confront, to listen, to see the world unveiled.
This person is not afraid to meet the people or to enter into a dialogue with them.
This person does not consider himself/herself the proprietor of history or of all people, or the liberator of the oppressed; but he or she does commit himself/herself, within history,
to fight at their side.”

Education either functions as an instrument which is used to facilitate integration of the younger generation into the logic of the present system and bring about conformity or it becomes the practice of freedom, the means by which men and women deal critically and creatively with reality and discover how to participate in the transformation of their world.”

― Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed

“The oppressors do not favour promoting the community as a whole, but rather selected leaders.”

― Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed

“For apart from inquiry, apart from the praxis, individuals cannot be truly human. Knowledge emerges only through invention and re-invention, through the restless, impatient, continuing, hopeful inquiry human beings pursue in the world, with the world, and with each other.”

“The Radical, committed to human liberation, does not become the prisoner of a ‘circle of certainty’ within which reality is also imprisoned.
On the contrary, the more radical the person is, the more fully he or she enters into reality so that, knowing it better, he or she can better transform it.
This individual is not afraid to confront, to listen, to see the world unveiled.
This person is not afraid to meet the people or to enter into dialogue with them.
This person does not consider himself or herself the proprietor of history or of all people, or the liberator of the oppressed; but he or she does commit himself or herself, within history, to fight at their side.”

― Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, pg57.

“The oppressors’ tranquility rests on how well men and women fit the world they, the oppressors, have created and how little the people question it.”

― Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, pg53

“knowledge emerges only through invention and reinvention, the restless,impatient,continuing,hopeful inquiry beings with the world and with others.”

― Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed

“…the fact that certain members of the oppressor class join the oppressed in their struggle for liberation, thus moving from one pole of the contradiction to the other… Theirs is a fundamental role, and has been throughout the history of this struggle. It happens, however, that as they cease to be exploiters or indifferent spectators or simply the heirs of exploitation and move to the side of the exploited, they almost always bring with them the marks of their origin: their prejudices and their deformations, which include a lack of confidence in the people’s ability to think, to want, and to know. Accordingly, these adherents to the people’s cause constantly run the risk of falling into a type of generosity as malefic as that of the oppressors.

The generosity of the oppressors is nourished by an unjust order, which must be maintained in order to justify that generosity.
Our converts, on the other hand, truly desire to transform the unjust order; but because of their background they believe that they must be the executors of the transformation.
They talk about the people, but they do not trust them; and trusting the people is the indispensable precondition for revolutionary change.
A real humanist can be identified more by his trust in the people, which engages him in their struggle, than by a thousand actions in their favor without that trust.”