Posts Tagged ‘People’s Parliament’

SustainTALKS -Join the Dots.

 

 

The People’s Parliament, a discussion series which aims to liven up political debate on a range of issues in the run up to the election, recently hosted the RCA SustainTALKS series for “Join the Dots: Tracing the impact of our Products and Supply Chains”. The lofty Westminster Committee room was filled wall to flocked wall with a gaggle of eager students in edgily mismatched outfits, filling the wooden pews, the knee crushingly close rows of additional chairs and spilling out into a crossed legged fire hazard on the carpeted floor.

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Baroness Lola Young, Chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Ethics and Sustainability in Fashion, chaired the discussion which focussed on “the growing movement towards improving transparency in global supply chains, laying bare the chain of impact and kickstarting a new era of consumer responsibility”. The evening painted a positive picture of initiatives which aim to surface the hidden stories of products, tracing fascinatingly complex journeys from producer to consumer, and positioned power firmly in the (presumably) deep pocket of the purchaser.

SutainTalks always begin with a student speaker, Jessi Baker, RCA alumna and founder of Provenance took this slot, speaking with passion about the potential of local products to boost community economy and form relationships. Provenance provides a platform for craftspeople to celebrate processes of production and maps these stories so that visitors can search for products made near to them.

Leah Borromeo then played a short excerpt of her work-in-progress, ‘The Cotton Film – Dirty White Gold’, a slightly bizarre documentary which explores a shocking statistic hidden beneath the primark piles imported from the Indian subcontinent. Every year, she said, 300,000 Indian farmers commit suicide to escape debt. When finished, the film will show the human cost of an industry plagued by Rana Plazas and Tasreens, sweatshops, servitude and indebted labour, from field to factory. She promised the film to be upbeat and positive and to inspire action rather than leave the viewer despairing at how this industry will ever change, but it is difficult to see she will succeed at this aside from including odd clips of herself being apparently characteristically eccentric.
The main business of Historic Futures is value chain mapping – which Tim Wilson explains is about being able to make accurate claims about where things come from, and putting this information in the public domain. Historic Futures traces dense spider webs of production, collecting vast data sets that challenges the narrative of an impenetrable global complexity, a narrative which often obscures unethical processes and thus legitimises them.
The speakers concluded with a tour of Bruno Pieter’s radically transparent fashion website, Honest By. Here the utopic dream of full disclosure at the point of purchase has become an incredible reality, the origins of every single component are listed in detail, filtered by vegan, skin friendly or recycled and even the costs are detailed in full. Bruno enthused about the potential of 3D printing to simplify supply chains, patterns which can be downloaded and ‘manufactured’ at home.
Sustainability means different things in different context, and as the ‘ethical market’ grows, the choices to consume sustainably become somewhat bewildering. As one audience member who identified herself as a citizen of the world put it, “Do I buy local? Do I shop fairtrade? Do I go Veagn? Do I eat organic? Do I do all of these things or just one?” For me, sustainability requires us to think about the minimisation of waste at all levels of production and consumption, so I was disappointed that this SustainTALKs event hardly mentioned waste. Leah told an anecdote about RUAG in Switzerland, which has an incredibly sophisticated system for managing electronic waste. Here Xboxes are stripped down to components, metals are sorted and reusable parts are saved – all within the purview of an arms manufacturer.

The focus of the evening was supply chains, but these are the same supply chains that fuel a demand for disposable fashion. The price tags on Bruno’s clothes ensure that they are anything but disposable in the Primark sense, but the seemingly utopic move towards taking command of the supply line through 3D print-at-home products may also lead to a proliferation of more ‘stuff’, more waste. And in the imagined radical transparency of the future, emerging through all the projects discussed, where is the tracking and tracing of wastes incurred through production, but also post-production, post-consumption? Perhaps like a shelf life, labels should indicate the amount of time a product takes to biodegrade? It could contain information on the CO2 emissions associated with recycling it or how it might be repurposed. If you had known your old Xbox could end up as a drone dropped into Palestine, you might think twice about the necessity to upgrade to a new model. At least, that seemed to be the argument the speakers were making; that consumer power rules, and that with increased transparency we could make more informed choices. In which case, information about the waste products associated with any item must also be transparent.

Power To The People

When we heard about John McDonnell’s People’s Parliament initiative, we knew we wanted to be involved. And anyone can get involved. The idea is to open up the Houses of Parliament to the people. As John sometimes says on introducing a session: everyone’s invited, except the fascists…

Illustration of John McDonnell holding anti-fascist placard

The People’s Parliament – by John McDonnell MP

We have experienced the most serious economic crisis of the capitalist system since the great crash of 1929 and yet mainstream politics has sunk to a philistine level of political debate, best characterised by the recent spoof B film party political broadcast made by the Labour Party and the succession of UKIP candidates spouting racist, homophobic bile.

How could we have let our politics become so degraded?

Three centuries ago the Enlightenment led us to believe that the exercise of reason would lead to a linear progression of how we understand the world and the society we live in. Many were convinced that this intellectual evolution would inform the political decisions taken on how best to organise our society.

Still within this tradition, Marx then introduced us to the dialectical process of history and thought.

  • Thesis and antithesis would lead to a progressive synthesis.

In our recent period, far from securing progress we seem to have gone back into the darkness. Popular political discussion, as witnessed in our mainstream media outlets, is a pretty bleak, barren wasteland. Newspapers print the sensationalist lies determined by their oligarch owners. The liberal Guardian very rarely strays beyond its acceptable establishment comfort zone.

What masquerades as political debate on radio and television on programmes such as Any Questions and Question Time is largely a parade of posturing political hacks with barely a cigarette paper between the politics of the supposed political opponents who appear on the shows.

This intellectual vacuum has led to a situation best depicted by Stan Jameson in which for most it is easier to imagine the end of the world than the end of capitalism.
Politics doesn’t have to be like this and we can’t let this continue. We have a responsibility to promote a real political discussion and debate about the lives we lead, the society we live in and the alternatives there are.

It is these sentiments that led me to launch the idea of the People’s Parliament.
Back in the 1980s I was elected as a GLC (Greater London Council) councillor and became Ken Livingstone’s deputy. Despite all the rhetoric about the Labour GLC being a golden age of radicalism, the reality is that initially the GLC controlling Labour group was fairly traditional social democratic.

Physically opening up County Hall as a building to a wide ranging array of groups and individuals, who were campaigning or promoting ideas to be implemented by the GLC, radicalised the Livingstone administration.

County Hall buzzed, with its meeting rooms packed with activists thrashing out their ideas on how to transform the lives of Londoners. Everything from fares policy to LGBT rights and securing the capital’s creative and manufacturing sectors was up for grabs.
This open democratic engagement created the radical GLC that is still remembered for its exciting creativity. It implemented policies that were seen as extreme at the time but have subsequently been accepted as mainstream common sense.

Just like County Hall, Parliament has a supply of halls and meeting rooms specifically designed for discussion and debate. The building is paid for and owned by the people and so I thought why not open up the building to the people and encourage anyone who has an idea to discuss, a policy to promote or an argument to be heard, to come along and use the building’s meeting rooms to democratic effect.

You never know, by inviting MPs and Lords to these discussions and debates might even infect some of the debates taking place in the main Commons Chamber.

From January, a group of us have organised a series of meetings in Parliament’s committee rooms, discussing a vast range of issues suggested by people who have heard about this initiative. The only bar so far is that fascists are not invited.

The mainstream media has largely ignored us but that is par for the course, and with social media we don’t really need them. The occasional plug in the Guardian doesn’t do any harm, but if we rely on this country’s press to stimulate a creative political debate we will wait forever.

Running with two sessions a week, the meetings have been packed. Having been around for quite a while I can usually recognise most of the faces in radical political meetings.

Not with the People’s Parliament.

The meetings are packing in people, especially young people, activists and campaigners who have a genuine interest in engaging with the issue being discussed and are looking for change.

The discussion of ideas and theory is important but is only really effective if it informs our political practice.

Hence the concept of praxis, the combination of theory and practice, underlines the People’s Parliament sessions.

So far the discussions have addressed questions of what sort of democracy we need, who is watching whom in our surveillance society, and what is really needed to tackle our environmental crisis.

Specialists and expert practitioners have wanted to explain what is happening in their fields of activity. Lawyers have come along to expose the undermining of access to justice, tax experts have joined us to reveal the continuing scale of tax avoidance and evasion, and housing groups have explained the grotesque failures of housing policy that have led to our worst housing crisis since the second world war.
People have brought along some of their ideas for solutions to problems. Citizens income to overcome poverty, how to reclaim the media by confronting its ownership by the rich and powerful, and constructing a sustainable economy by rejecting concepts of all-consuming growth.

Campaigners have come to seek support for their struggles. This has included campaigns against the latest wave of racism, the fight to end the Coalition’s privatisation plans to finally kill off the NHS, and the campaign to hold back legislation criminalising sex workers.

People have posed and tried to answer questions that have troubled us all. The radical publishing house Zero Books went to the heart of our search by addressing the question that underlies a large part of the People’s Parliament initiative:

how has capitalism got away with the financial crisis and why is politics scared of political ideas?

The next stage of the People’s Parliament discussions is looking at;

how we learn from the resistance to the capitalist crisis so far, to enable us to move beyond capitalism.

Each of our sessions have been introduced by experts and campaigners within their particular policy area but the discussion is dominated by the participants who turn up. Most of the debates have led to agreements on further action.

A thread running through the sequence of the People’s Parliament sessions has been that words are not enough.

The elite who still dine at the Ritz, shop at Fortnum and Masons and who populate the company boards in the City of London will remain content whilst our talk remains only talk.

They will only be fearful when our talk moves on to action and they know that our direct action only becomes effective when it is armed with an understanding of our society and its potential alternatives.

The People’s Parliament attempts to make its contribution to arming that resistance. Come along.

John McDonnell is the MP for Hayes and Harlington, and the last communist in Parliament.

Jul-Aug 2014 - Pages 18 & 19